Stories of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast

Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast


Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast is also known to Ukrainians by an alternative name: Prykarpattia. Together with Lviv and Ternopil regions, it was the main body of the historic region of eastern Halychyna which in the 13th century was a part of the Kingdom of Rus and the Halych-Volyn Principality. Along with the Lviv and Ternopil regions, Prykarpattia is a component of the Carpathian Euroregion.

The region is situated between two main regional tectonic plates: Carpathian fold belt and Volhynia-Podillya plate. The most prominent features of the first one are the Carpathian Mountains, while the second one - Dniester river.
The Carpathian Mountains contribute tremendously to the change in relief of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast and their elevation rises from north-east to south-west stretching along the oblast’s south-western border. The elevation of the oblast varies from 230m to 2,061m above sea level. Mountains occupy almost one half of the whole Oblast and consist of two main mountain ranges: the Gorgany (highest peak – Mt. Syvulya Major (1,836m)) and the Chornohora range (highest peak – Mt. Hoverla (2,061m)).
The rest of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast is located within the Dniester river and Prut river valleys. The plains of the oblast are part of the Podolian Upland of the Eastern-European Plain and Upper Dniester Plain, which diverts the Dnieper, from its main course. The upland has a temperate-climate habitat mixed with grassland and woodland – also known as the forest steppe. The relief of the region consists mostly of rolling hills of 230-400m over the sea level. The local name for the hills are tovtry. Near river valleys are common canyons and ravines.

The region is a home to some 456 preserved areas, of some 195,633 ha, 30 out of which are of all-national importance with an area of 108,742 ha and the rest of a local importance. In the Ivano-Frankivsk Region is located a strict nature reserve named Gorgany that was created in 1996. There are five national parks in the region. There are numerous natural monuments and habitat management areas.